Sunday, January 19, 2014

(Deobandi School of Thought)

Hakeem Molana Mian Mohammed
Abdullah Alvi
Searched & Written by
(Journalist, Historian & Anthropologist)
Molana Mian Mohammed Abdullah Alvi was an Islamic scholar from Darul Uloom Deoband[1] India in 1940. He was a legend of Circle Bakote who got the highest degree in Fiqh from a Islamic World University.[2] Molana Mian Dafter Alvi was the first person who was early student of Deoband of his family. Second was his brother in law Hazrat Molana Mian Pir Atiqullah Bakoti and his younger brother Hadhrat Pir Haqiqullah Bakoti, the first member of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly in 1952.
Molana  Abdullah Alvi family tree
His Ethnological background
Molana Mian Mohammed Abdullah Alvi encestors who were fundamental eliments of Alvies Movement came from Iraq to Egypt during Abbasid Caliph Haron ul Rashid.[3] They migrated to India in 11th century and remigrated to Kashmir in 15th century.[4] His grand grandfather Hazrat Molana Mian Naik Mohammed Alvi came in Birote in 1835 on invitation of Kamlal sub tribe of Dhund Abbasies. He and his tribe also known as Naik Mohammadal of Birote from Gondalal sub tribe of Alvi Awan. His ancestors were all highly educated Islamic Scholars of their times.
Early life
Molana Mian Mohammed Abdullah Alvi was born in 1914 to a scholarly family; his father Molana Mian Mir Ji Alvi and second wife belonged to Rahimkote, Kashmir.[5] His step mother died in 1912 and his father was alone with his six children in Union Council Numble, Circle Bakote at his in laws house. His uncle Hazrat Molana Mian Pir Fakir-u-llah Bakoti insisted to his father that he remarry, and he wed an 18 years old lady of Kalgan Awan tribe.[6] He was the first son of his parents, the second wife of Molana Mian Mir Ji Alvi. He was born prematurely and was very sick in his early life. His parents named him Khalilullah Alvi, but Hazrat Molana Mian Pir Fakir-u-llah Bakoti changed his name to Mohammad Abdullah Alvi in 1918. He started health recovery immediately, changed into a slim and athletic boy.
He got admission in a local Vernacular Primary School where his elder brother Molana Mian Mohammed Ismael Alvi was head teacher and Syed Fazal Husain Shah was second teacher.[7] He went to Shaikhulbandi, Abbottabad for his religious education in 1922. Shaikhulbandi was a great religious center of the time in Hazara. He passed his Ders e Nizami syllabus there, and went to Delhi, India where he met many scholars and teachers of higher education in Islam. He enrolled in Deoband in 1928. He also joined Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind in 1940[8] and played a positive role beside learning higher education in Islamic sciences. That time was full of revolutionary thoughts and young Alvi met with Molana Ubaidullah Sindhi, Molana Abul Kalam Azad and top leadership of his time. Molana Husain Ahmad Madani was his teacher and his point of view about freedom of India constructed his new religio political thoughts in new dimension. Molana Ubaidullah Sindhi[9] was his ideal and he named his elder son after him. He often met Molana Ashraf Ali Thanwi who washed of his confusions related to Muslim League and Pakistan. He was also a fan of Allama Syed Ata Ullah Shah Bukhari, a religious leader of anti false Prophecies of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and participated Shah Sahib public meetings. He completed his education in 1938 and returned to Delhi where he started a job of Islamic teacher in Madrasah-i Rahimiyah, Jamia Millia Islamia and other educational institutions.[10]
Molana Mian Mohammed Abdullah Alvi Educational Institution
Migration to Pakistan
Molana Mian Mohammed Abdullah Alvi was in Delhi, India when Sub Continent divided into two independent states Pakistan and India. He tried to adjust him in new born Indian state capital but he finally decided he should returned to Pakistan because the circumstances now totally changed and not favored to Muslims. He farewell to Delhi at last in September,[11] 1948 and came to Degree city of Tharparker in Sindh, Pakistan where his elder step brother Molana Mian Mohammed Ayub Alvi was satteled. Molana Mian Mohammed Ayub Alvi helped him in adjustment there and he opened a clinic because he was qualified Herbal Doctor (Hakeem) of Ajmal Tibbia College Delhi, India in 1945. He started teaching in a local madrissa but he did not satisfy himself in a poor environment therefore he established a standard Islamic College named Jamea Alvia where managed a hostel for abroad students also free of cost. Jamea Alvia got attention of local intelligentsia and notables within a very short period and had become a center of Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat (Last Prophethood Movement) district Therparker. He worked devotionally for Islamic cause and arrested in 1951 as a Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat activist among thousands of other workers.[12] He freed in 1953 and came to Birote, his birthplace after 30 years where his mother, brothers and sisters were satteled. He returned to Sindh a few week later. His brother in law Hazrat Molana Mian Haqiqullah Bakoti died in 1952, elder brother Molana Mian Mohammed Ayub Alvi died in 1956 and some other domestic issues of his family disturbed him seriously, felt boredom and loneliness. He tried to change his life when he get married in September, 1958[13] but he returned again to his workplace. Finally in mid of 1960 he decided to handed over his Jamea Alvia to a trust, all property sold and returned to Birote forever till his death.
Molana Mian Mohammed Abdullah Alvi with his spouse
 His last 25 years in Birote
Molana Mian Mohammed Abdullah Alvi was a thirsty fellow of his people and relative's interactions and family relations but not aware of the local social problems that faced by his people. He blindedly soled his property and left his scholarly character as well as social status in abroad more than 1,500 kilometers from his native village that possessed no values of knowledgeable person in 1960. He had taken socio-financial responsibilities of his family but he turned to sourceless day by day because he had not planned anything before coming to Birote for his future. He have penniless in 1963 and joined a very less income source of Imamat (Leadership in religious maters) in a local masque. He taught his pupils for 25 years instead of a large and immortal religious cause. Hakim Molana Heyat Ali, a veteran social scientist, Kashmiri leader in Sindh and his close friend also insisted him to come back to his work place but he refused based on many reasons, first his 80 years old paralyzed mother, second he was father of three kids in old age and third he was tired of in last quarter of his life.[14] He died in a road accident in Basian, Union Council Birote on 17 August 1984.
Spouse and descendants
 Qazi Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi
His elder son
 Younger son
Qazi Mohammed Samiullah Alvi
Qazi Mohammed Samiullah Alvi (sitting on chair)
in his tent school at Masooma, Basian, UC Birote 

 Mohammed Samiullah Alvi, breath his lost on 31st Oct, 2016
Molana Mian Mohammed Abdullah Alvi was son in law of his primary teacher Syed Fazal Husain Shah. His marriage had occurred with Masooda Khanum on 11 September 1958 and his father in law died unfortunately two week later. Three sons among World famed journalist Qazi Mohammad Obaidullah Alvi and two daughters were his family. One son and one daughter expired in their early age. His second son Qazi Mohammad Samiullah Alvi is a teacher in local primary school in Birote and daughter Mrs. Naseer Ahmed Awan is housewife in Bhara kahu Islamabad with her family. His five grandsons and four granddaughters are living in Birote and Islamabad with their parents.
  Naseer Ahmed Awan 
Son in law
The other famous personalities of his family
  • Molana Mian Mohammed Abdullah Alvi was scholar of Islam from Deoband, India and gained reputation in India and in Southern Pakistan after independence. Other personalities who also won popularity and national and international reputation are many more.
 Molana Mian Mohammed Yaqoob Alvi Birotvi
His elder brother <Read More>
Molana Mian Mohammed Haneef Alvi
His younger brother
 Molana Mian Abdul Hadi Alvi
His younger brother, he was Mufti of Circle Bakote till his last breath in 2005
  • Molana Mian Mohammed Dafter Alvi was the first scholar of Islam from Deoband who gained knowledge directly to Molana Mahmud al-Hasan and Molana Muhammad Qasim Nanotvi, the founders of Darul Uloom Deoband.[15] He died in November, 1908
  • Molana Mian Mohammed Yaqoob Alvi Birotvi was also a scholar of Islam but his fame related to his Urdu, Persian and Arabic revolutionary poetry.[16] He was epitaph writer and poet of Jihad e Kashmir. He wrote Naghma e Jihad or Melody of Holy War during 1947–50. He was his elder brother and teacher in local school. He died in June 1985.
  • His elder brother in law Hazrat Molana Mian Pir Haqiqullah Bakoti was also a scholar of Islam from Deoband but he died in his prime age.
  • His younger brother Molana Mian Abdul Hadi Alvi was also an Islamic scholar and exponder of the itrrevocable code of Muslim law[17] in Circle bakote since 1968 to his death in May 2005.
  • His elder brother Molana Mian Mohammed Ismael Alvi was a first modern teacher of Birote and a great Soofi of his time. He was mystic[18] disciple of Hazrat Molana Mian Pir Faqirullah Bakoti.
1.      Global Encyclopaedia of Education (4 Vols. Set) By Rama Sankar Yadav & B.N. Mandal, published by Global Vision Publishing House, New Delhi, India, 2009. pp62
2.      Islam in Southeast Asia: Political, Social, and Strategic Challenges for the ... edited by K. S. Nathan, Mohammad Hashim. Kamali, Published by Institute of South East Asian Studies Singapor in 2005.
3.      Tarekh e Alvi Awan (History of Alvi Awan) by Mohabbat Husain Awan published Idara e Tahqiq ul Awan Karachi, Pakistan. 1996.
4.      Islam in Kashmir: Fourteenth to Sixteenth Century by Muhammad Ashraf Wani, published by Oriental Publishing House, 2004
5.      Pakistan Quarterly, Volume 16, Pakistan Publications, 1969 pp 109
6.      A glossary of the tribes & castes o the Punjab & North-west frontier province: Based on the census report for the Punjab, 1883, by the late Sir Denzil Ibbetson ... & the census report for the Punjab, 1892, by Sir Edward Maclagan ... & comp. by H.A. Rose
7.      Colonial Policy and Practice: A Comparative Study of Burma and Netherlands India By John Sydenham Furnivall, Cambridge University Press UK.
8.      Legacy of a Divided Nation: India's Muslims Since Independence By Mushirul Hasan, published bu C. Hurst & Co Ltd, London, 1997. pp 210
9.      The Khilafat Movement: Religious Symbolism and Political Mobilization in India By Gail Minault, published by Columbia University Press, 1982
10.  Freedom fighters of India, Volume 2 edited by M. G. Agrawal, published by ISHA Books Delhi, India in 2008.
11.  The Emergence of Ulema in the Politics of India and Pakistan 1918–1949: A Historical Prospective, By Syed Zaidi, published by Writers Club Press USA in 2003.
12.  Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism By Mathieu Guidère, Published by Scareerow Press Inc, Marryland USA in 2012. pp 344
13.  Rules and Transactions: Some Aspects of Marriage Among the Dhund Abbasi of North East Pakistan, by Hastings Donnan, Published by University of Sussex in 1981
14.  Developmental Psychology, A life-span approach By E. B. Hurlock, Published by Tata McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, New Yark 2008.
15.  Faithful education: madrassahs in South Asia By Ali Riaz, published by Rutgers University Press USA.
16.  A History of Indian Literature 1911–1956: Struggle for Freedom: Triumph and Tragedy By Sisir Kumar Das, Published by Sihatya Akadmi New Delhi, India in 2006.
17.  Studies in modern Islamic law and jurisprudence By Usāma ʻArabī, published by Kluwer Law International The Hague, Netherland in 2001.
18.  Divine Love in Islamic Mysticism: The Teachings of al-Ghazali and al-Dabbagh By Binyamin Abrahamov and published by Routledge New Yark USA in 2003.
External links

Life of Molana Alvi as seen by camera

Syed Fazal H Shah (in center)........ His primary teacher and father in law at last
 His mother in law Hanifa Jan Qureshi 
Daughter of Molana Mian Mir Alam Qureshi of Upper Basian, UC Birote
 His elder maternal nephew
Sahibzada Pir Saeed Anwer (Chan Pir) Bakoti
His 2nd maternal nephew
 Sahibzada Pir Mohammed Aamir Bakoti
His younger maternal nephew
Sahibzada Pir Abdul Majid Bakoti
His brothers in law Late Syed Muzafer Husain Shah & his brothers

 His grand sons Taha Ahmed Alvi 

 His grand son Shaheer Ahmed Alvi
His grand daughter Aimen Alvi
in a ceremony of National press club Islamabad on 28th June 2016.

His grand son Zakariya Alvi is
receiving Cricket chempionship trophy
at Ayubia in 2017.
 His grand son Zahariya Alvi
Muqtasid Alvi
  His younger grand son Abtakhi Alvi
 His son in law Naseer Ahmed 
& meternal grand son Malik Huzaifa Naseer
 His maternal grand sons Usama Bin Naseer
 Huzaifa Naseer Malik

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